Benutzer:Christian/16. November

Aus Orthpedia
Wechseln zu:Navigation, Suche

Benutzer:Christian/Matei + Benutzer:Christian/Adrian Făgețeanu + Benutzer:Christian/Dumitru Stăniloae + Benutzer:Christian/Nicolae Alexandru + Benutzer:Christian/Philoumenos vom Jakobsbrunnen

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Aramäischer Kalender

Griechischer Kalender

  • Ματθαίου αποστόλου και ευαγγελιστή
  • Αγίας Ιφιγενείας

https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%A0%CF%8D%CE%BB%CE%B7:%CE%9F%CF%81%CE%B8%CE%BF%CE%B4%CE%BF%CE%BE%CE%AF%CE%B1/%CE%95%CE%BF%CF%81%CF%84%CE%BF%CE%BB%CF%8C%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%BF

https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%A0%CF%8D%CE%BB%CE%B7:%CE%9F%CF%81%CE%B8%CE%BF%CE%B4%CE%BF%CE%BE%CE%AF%CE%B1/%CE%95%CE%BF%CF%81%CF%84%CE%BF%CE%BB%CF%8C%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%BF/16_%CE%9D%CE%BF%CE%B5%CE%BC%CE%B2%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%BF%CF%85

Ευαγγελιστής Ματθαίος

Ο Απόστολος Ματθαίος ή Λευί, ήταν ένας εκ των δώδεκα μαθητών και αποστόλων του Ιησού Χριστού. Ο ίδιος αναφέρεται από όλους τους ευαγγελιστές στο μαθητικό κύκλο είτε ως 8ος στην κατάταξη (Μάρκος 3, 18. Λουκάς 6, 15), είτε ως 7ος (Ματθαίος 10, 3. Πράξεις 1, 13), ενώ επίσης αναφέρεται με δύο χαρακτηριστικά ονόματα, δηλαδή πέραν του Ματθαίος και με το Λευί. Οι πληροφορίες σχετικά με το βίο του είναι λιγοστές. Ο ίδιος κατατάσσεται ανάμεσα στους τέσσερις ευαγγελιστές, καθώς είναι συντάκτης του πρώτου συνοπτικού ευαγγελίου, του ονομαζόμενου Κατά Ματθαίον Ευαγγέλιον, όπου τον κατατάσσει ανάμεσα στους γνωστότερους μαθητές του Κυρίου.

Πληροφορίες περί του βίου του

Ταυτότητα και ονομασία

Όπως αναφέρθηκε στον πρόλογο, ο απόστολος καλείται εξόν από Ματθαίος και Λευί. Η αναφορά στο όνομα Λευί γίνεται από τους Μάρκο ( 2,14) και Λουκά (5, 27), ενώ ο Λουκάς μας αναφέρει πως ήταν και υιός του Αλφαίου. Η αναφορά αυτή δεν πρέπει να συγχέεται με την αναφορά πως και ο Απόστολος Ιάκωβος είχε πατέρα ονομαζόμενο Αλφαίο, καθότι αν ήταν αδέρφια θα μνημονευόταν κατά το παράδειγμα των Ανδρέα-Πέτρου και Ιωάννη-Ιακώβου[1]. Σε ότι αφορά κάποια πιθανή διαφοροποίησή του ως μαθητή του Κυρίου από έτερο μαθητή με το όνομα Λευί, δε χωρά αμφιβολία πως ομιλούμε για το ίδιο άτομο[2]. Χαρακτηριστικές είναι περιγραφές των τριών ευαγγελιστών που προηγούνται της κλήσης του, περιγράφοντας ουσιαστικά τα ίδια γεγονότα.

Ο Ματθαίος κατά τη συνήθεια των μαθητών του Ιησού, αλλά και των Ιουδαίων είχε δύο ονόματα. Το πρώτο όνομα ήταν Λευίς, ενώ δε γνωρίζουμε πότε ο Ιησούς του έδωσε το όνομα Ματθαίος[3]. Το Ματθαίος είναι σύντμηση του ονόματος Ματθανίας που σημαίνει δωρημένος από το Θεό, κάτι σαν το αντίστοιχο Θεόδωρος-Θεοδώρητος.

Ο βίος του μέσα από την Καινή Διαθήκη

Ο Ματθαίος μέσα από το δικό του ευαγγέλιο μας δίνει ελάχιστες πληροφορίες περί του βίου του. Η μόνη αναφορά μάλιστα που κάνει, είναι η κλήση του (Ματθαίος 9,9). Σύμφωνα με το ευαγγέλιο ο ίδιος καθόταν κοντά στην Καπερναούμ, στο βόρειο μέρος της λίμνης Γεννησαρέτ μόνος. Καθώς πέρασε ο Κύριος τον κάλεσε κοντά του και ο ίδιος δίχως δισταγμό τον ακολούθησε. Η Καπερναούμ λογικά ήταν η πατρίδα που ο ίδιος ασκούσε το επάγγελμα του τελώνη. Ο τελώνης ήταν κάτι αντίστοιχο του σημερινού φοροεισπράκτορα, μόνο που στην περίπτωσή του δε δούλευε για το Ρωμαϊκό κράτος, αλλά για τον διοικητή Ηρώδη ή για κάποιο επιχειρηματία που δρούσε για λογαριασμό του Ηρώδη[4]. Εκτός του ιδίου τόσο ο Μάρκος (2, 13-17), όσο και ο Λουκάς (5, 27-32) αναφέρουν το γεγονός, ο Λουκάς όμως διαφοροποιείται από το Ματθαίο καθώς αναφέρει πως η κλήση έγινε πριν την "Επι του όρους ομιλία", ενώ ο Ματθαίος αναφέρει πως η κλήση του έγινε μετά. Ο Ματθαίος φαίνεται μέσα από το κείμενο πως μετά την κλήση του κάλεσε τον Ιησού και τους μαθητές του σε τραπέζι το οποίο παρακάθισαν και πολλοί τελώνες, κάτι που κίνησε την περιέργεια των Φαρισαίων. Από αυτή την περιγραφή διαφαίνεται ότι ο Ματθαίος ήταν προφανώς αρκετά εύπορος[5].

Χαρακτηριστικό της προσωπικότητας του είναι πως και μετά την κλήση του διατήρησε τον προσωνύμιο τελώνης (Ματθαίος 10, 3), πολύ πιθανώς κατά τον Ευθύμιο Ζιγαβηνό "εις οικείαν εξουθένωσιν"[6]. Ο Ευσέβιος Καισαρείας μας αναφέρει πως ίδιον την προσωπικότητάς του ήταν η ταπεινοφροσύνη[7]. Ο ίδιος σαν τελώνης λογικά γνώριζε εκτός από την αραμαϊκή γλώσσα και την ελληνική, ενώ δε φαίνεται από κάπου πως νωρίτερα ήταν μαθητής του Προδρόμου Ιωάννη[8]. Θα πρέπει επίσης να τονιστεί πως γενικά παραμένει αφανής μέσα στα ευαγγέλια, αλλά και στην ύστερη σταδιοδρομία του. Μέχρι το θάνατο του Στεφάνου, ο Ματθαίος φαίνεται να έμεινε στα Ιεροσόλυμα.

Έτερες πηγές

Η εκκλησιαστική παράδοση δεν αναφέρει πολλά στοιχεία για για το βίο του Ευαγγελιστή Ματθαίου. Κατά τον Κλήμη Αλεξανδρείας ο Ματθαίος ήταν άνδρας ιδιαίτερα ασκητικός[9]. Η άποψη όμως αυτή είναι πιθανό να προέρχεται από σύγχυση με τον Απόστολο Ματθία, από του οποίου το απόκρυφο ευαγγέλιο παραθέτει συχνά χωρία. Η θέση αυτή ενισχύεται και από το ότι ο Ευσέβιος παρουσιάζει το Ματθία ως υποστηρικτή της αποχής από το κρέας[10]. Κατά την παράδοση ο Ματθαίος κήρυξε στην αρχή και για αρκετό καιρό στην Παλαιστίνη, και γι αυτό το λόγο έγραψε και αρχικώς το ευαγγέλιο του στα αραμαϊκά[11], άποψη που διασώζει και ο Παπίας Ιεραπόλεως και συμφωνούν οι Ειρηναίος, Ωριγένης και Επιφάνιος[12].

Μετά την φυγή του από την Παλαιστίνη σύμφωνα με τα απόκρυφα ευαγγέλια κήρυξε στην Αραβία, την Περσία, τη Συρία, τη Μηδία, τη Μακεδονία και κυρίως στην Αιθιοπία και την Παρθία όπου και πέθανε.

Υποσημειώσεις

  1. Γλαβίνας, Οι δώδεκα Απόστολοι, σελ. 88
  2. ο.π.
  3. Γλαβίνας, Οι δώδεκα Απόστολοι, σελ. 89
  4. Γλαβίνας, Οι δώδεκα Απόστολοι, σελ. 87
  5. Γλαβίνας, Οι δώδεκα Απόστολοι, σελ. 88
  6. PG 129, 324
  7. Εκκλησιαστική Ιστορία 3, 5
  8. Γλαβίνας, Οι δώδεκα Απόστολοι, σελ. 90.
  9. PG 8, 404
  10. Εκκλησιαστική Ιστορία 3, 19
  11. Ευσέβιος Εκκλ. Ιστορία 3, 39, 16
  12. Γλαβίνας, ενθ.αν., σελ. 91

Βιβλιογραφία

  • Απόστολος Γλαβίνας, Οι Δώδεκα Απόστολοι, Τέρτιος, Κατερίνη 1993.

Διαβάστε επίσης

Κατά Ματθαίον Ευαγγέλιον


Ματθαίος Μ Μ Μ Μ

https://el.orthodoxwiki.org/%CE%95%CF%85%CE%B1%CE%B3%CE%B3%CE%B5%CE%BB%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%AE%CF%82_%CE%9C%CE%B1%CF%84%CE%B8%CE%B1%CE%AF%CE%BF%CF%82

Georgischer Kalender

Bulgarischer Kalender

Mazedonischer Kalender

Serbischer Kalender

Bürgerliches Datum bei Benutzung des Julianischen Kalenders:

FEASTS

1. THE HOLY APOSTLE MATTHEW THE EVANGELIST

Matthew, son of Alphaeus, was a tax collector when the Lord saw him in Capernaum and said: Follow Me. And he arose, and followed Him (Matthew 9:9). After that, Matthew prepared a reception for the Lord in his home and thus provided the occasion for the Lord to express several great truths about His coming to earth. After receiving the Holy Spirit, Matthew preached the Gospel to the Parthians, Medes and Ethiopians. In Ethiopia he appointed his follower Plato as bishop, and withdrew to prayerful solitude on a mountain, where the Lord appeared to him. Matthew baptized the wife and the son of the prince of Ethiopia, at which the prince became greatly enraged and dispatched a guard to bring Matthew to him for trial. The soldiers returned to the prince saying that they had heard Matthew's voice, but could not see him with their eyes. The prince then sent a second guard. When this guard approached the apostle, he shone with a heavenly light so powerful that the soldiers could not look at him; filled with fear, they threw down their weapons and returned. The prince then went himself. Matthew radiated such light that the prince was instantly blinded. However, the holy apostle had a compassionate heart; he prayed to God, and the prince was given back his sight. Unfortunately, he saw only with physical eyes and not spiritual eyes. He arrested Matthew and subjected him to cruel tortures. Twice, a large fire was lighted on his chest, but the power of God preserved him alive and unharmed. Then the apostle prayed to God and gave up his spirit. The prince commanded that the martyr's body be placed in a lead coffin and thrown into the sea. The saint appeared to Bishop Plato and told him where the coffin bearing his body could be found. The bishop retrieved the coffin with Matthew's body from the sea. Witnessing this new miracle, the prince was baptized and received the name Matthew. After that, the prince left all the vanity of the world and became a presbyter and served the Church in a God-pleasing way. When Plato died, the Apostle Matthew appeared to the presbyter Matthew and counseled him to accept the episcopacy. He accepted the bishopric and, for many years, was a good shepherd until the Lord called him to His Immortal Kingdom. St. Matthew the Apostle wrote his Gospel in the Aramaic language. It was soon after translated into Greek and the Greek text has come down to us, while the Aramaic text has been lost. It is said of this evangelist that he never ate meat, but only vegetables and fruit.

2. THE VENERABLE SERGIUS OF MALOPINEGA

Sergius was a Russian parish priest who lived a God-pleasing life and served for sixty-two years in the province of Vologda. He peacefully entered into rest in the Lord on November 16, 1585 A.D., at the age of ninety-two.

http://www.westsrbdio.org/en/prologue/695-november-16

HYMN OF PRAISE

THE HOLY APOSTLE MATTHEW THE EVANGELIST

To His Holy Apostle Matthew,

The Lord appeared in the land of the blacks,

Giving great comfort to the tortured warrior,

And great strength to his heroic soul.

The Lord gave him a staff from His hand,

And told Matthew to plant it in front of the church.

He told him that it would grow green with life and blossom with various colors,

And bear sweet fruit for everyone to enjoy.

A spring would flow from beneath its roots--

A spring of cool water for those who thirst.

The face of whomever would partake of it with thanksgiving

Would shine with a wondrous light.

The apostle did as the Lord said,

And the wood budded forth, and was adorned with blossoms,

And living water flowed from its roots,

And the church was filled with a multitude of people.

Whoever was sick, was healed;

Whoever was healthy, became healthier still.

The blacks were blessed, their faces radiant,

And this fierce people became God's vineyard.

O wondrous tree, would that we could have it!

But we do have it, brethren; all of us have it!

It is Christ the Lord, the Lord of Hosts--

He is the Tree of Life; by Him we are saved.

http://www.westsrbdio.org/en/prologue/695-november-16

REFLECTION

Does the Lord's command about ceaseless prayer, that men ought always to pray (Luke 18:1), apply only to monks or to all Christians in general? If it applied only to monks, the Apostle Paul would not have written to the Christians in Thessalonica to pray without ceasing (I Thessalonians 5:17). The Apostle repeats the Lord's command, word for word, and issues it to all Christians without distinction, whether monks or laymen. St. Gregory Palamas lived a life of asceticism for some time as a young hieromonk in a monastery in Beroea. The elder Job, a well-known ascetic whom everyone respected, lived in that monastery. It happened that, in elder Job's presence, St. Gregory quoted the Apostle's words, asserting that ceaseless prayer is the obligation of every Christian and not just for monks. However, elder Job replied that ceaseless prayer is the obligation of the monk only, and not for every Christian. Gregory, as the younger of the two, yielded and withdrew in silence. When Job returned to his cell and stood at prayer, an angel in great heavenly glory appeared to him and said: "O Elder, do not doubt the truthfulness of Gregory's words; he spoke correctly and you should think likewise and pass it on to others." Thus, both the Apostle and the angel confirmed the commandment that all Christians must pray to God without ceasing. Not only without ceasing in church, but also without ceasing in every place and at all times, and especially in your heart. For if God does not for a moment tire of giving us good things, how can we tire of thanking Him for these good things? When He thinks of us without ceasing, why do we not think of Him without ceasing?

http://www.westsrbdio.org/en/prologue/695-november-16


CONTEMPLATION

Contemplate the creation of the world (Genesis 1):

1. How on the third day God divided the dry land from the water;

2. How He commanded the earth to bring forth grass and fruit-bearing trees;

3. How this was according to the Word of God, and it was good.

http://www.westsrbdio.org/en/prologue/695-november-16

HOMILY

on Christ's dwelling in the hearts of the faithful

… that Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye [may be] rooted and grounded in love (Ephesians 3:17).

With faith, Christ comes into the heart, and with Christ comes love. Thus man is rooted and grounded in love. First then, there is faith; then with faith comes Christ's presence in the heart; then with Christ's presence, the presence of love; and with love, all ineffable goodness. In a few words, the Apostle delineates the whole ladder of perfection. The beginning is faith and the end is love; and faith and love are joined in a living, undivided unity by the Living Lord Jesus Christ's presence in the heart. By strengthening faith, we further abolish the distance between ourselves and the Lord Jesus Christ. The stronger one's faith, the closer one is to Christ. Ultimately, one's heart is filled with Christ and cannot be separated from Christ, just as one's lung cannot be separated from the air. Then a man may, with tears of joy, communicate with Christ by the prayer of the heart--"Lord Jesus Christ, have mercy on me a sinner--and the heart is imperceptibly filled with light and ardent love. In this way, love is united with faith and hope; and when they are united, the boundaries between them are lost, so that man cannot even think of determining of how far faith goes, and where hope and love begin. When the living Christ dwells in a man, then he no longer perceives faith, hope or love in himself, nor does he name them. Instead, he sees only Christ and names only Him. This is just like a fruit-grower in autumn who considers the ripe fruit on the tree, and speaks no more of blossoms and leaves but of fruit, ripe fruit.

O Lord Jesus Christ, supreme height of all our endeavors and the destination of all our travels, draw near to us and save us.

To Thee be glory and praise forever. Amen.

http://www.westsrbdio.org/en/prologue/695-november-16

Russischer Kalender

  • Hl. Apostel und Evangelist MATTHÄUS
  • Neomrt. THEODOR, der Priester und mit ihm Mrtt. ANANIAS und MICHAEL
  • Neomrtt. JOHANNES, NIKOLAUS, VIKTOR, BASILIOS, MAKARIOS und MICHAEL, die Priester, Neomrt. PANTELEIMON, Mönch
  • Neomrt. Demetrios
  • Hl. FULVIANUS, Fürst von Äthiopien (in der Hl. Taufe Matthäus)
  • Hl. SERGIUS, Abt von Malopinega

http://orthpedia.de/index.php/16._November

Rumänischer Kalender

http://paginiortodoxe.tripod.com/vsnov/index.html

Sfinții zilei

  • Sf. Apostol și Evanghelist Matei
  • Sf. Serghie de Malopinega
  • Sf. Eucher din Lyon
  • Sf. Ier. Toma cel Nou, Patriarhul Constantinopolului

https://ro.orthodoxwiki.org/16_noiembrie

Evenimente

  • 1849 - Un tribunal rus l-a condamnat pe scriitorul ortodox rus Dostoievski la moarte pentru activități anti-guvernamentale; execuția lui a fost anulată în ultimul moment, pedeapsa fiind comutată în exil în Siberia
  • 1881 - La București a fost înființată Facultatea de Teologie Ortodoxă
  • 1982 - P.S. Episcop Adrian Hrițcu este ridicat la rangul de Arhiepiscop

https://ro.orthodoxwiki.org/16_noiembrie

Nașteri

https://ro.orthodoxwiki.org/16_noiembrie

Decese

  • 1272 - Regele Henric III al Angliei (n. 1 octombrie 1207)
  • 1364 - Nicolae Alexandru, domn al Țării Românești (1352-1364), fiu al lui Basarab I. Benutzer:Methodios/Nicolae Alexandru

https://ro.orthodoxwiki.org/16_noiembrie

Sărbători

Sinaxar

Sinaxar 16 Noiembrie

În această lună, în ziua a şaisprezecea, pomenirea Sfântului Apostol şi Evanghelist Matei.

Acest dumnezeiesc apostol, şezând la vamă, a auzit pe Domnul zicându-i: "Urmează Mie". Şi el în ceasul acela a lăsat toate şi a urmat Domnului, făcând găzduire Domnului în casa sa mare, precum spune el însuşi în Evanghelia sa. Iar de atunci şi în urmă a fost împreună înnumărat cu ceilalţi apostoli. După ce a primit puterea Sfântului Duh, în ziua Cincizecimii, şi s-a înţelepţit cu cele dumnezeieşti, atunci a scris Evanghelia sa pe limba evreiască; după opt ani de la înălţarea lui Hristos, a trimis Evanghelia la evreii cei nou luminaţi. Şi după ce a învăţat pe parţi şi pe mideni şi le-a aşezat lor biserici, şi multe minuni a făcut, în urmă şi-a luat sfârşitul prin foc prin cei necredincioşi. Iar când era încă în viaţă, acest dumnezeiesc apostol, ceilalţi împreună ucenici şi apostoli înconjurau fiecare locul şi cetatea, ce-i cădea la sorţi, propovăduind Evanghelia lui Hristos. Iar acesta la parţi aflându-se, s-a suit singur într-un munte şi a zăbovit acolo, având o singură haină şi fără de acoperământ. După ce a trecut câtva vreme, i s-a arătat lui Dumnezeu ca un prunc, Cel ce a zidit din pământ pe om, şi, întinzându-Şi dreapta Sa, a dat apostolului un toiag şi i-a zis: "Ia aceasta şi, pogorându-te din munte şi mergând la cetatea Mirmina, sădeşte toiagul acesta înaintea uşii bisericii de acolo, unde făcând rădăcini şi înălţându-se din mâna Mea cea dreaptă, se va face copac mult-roditor; şi din vârful crengilor sale se va pogorî mursa de miere, iar din rădăcina sa va ieşi izvor de apă, cu care spălându-se oamenii cetăţii, cei cu mintea de fiară, şi din mursa copacului împărtăşindu-se, li se vor îndulci simţirile şi vor înceta a mai face fărădelegi.

Atunci Matei, primind cu cucernicie toiagul cel dat de Domnul, s-a pogorât din munte şi s-a dus la Mirmina. Iar femeia împăratului parţilor, Fulvana cu numele, având demon viclean, a întâmpinat pe apostol împreună fiind ea cu fiul şi cu fiica-sa, care şi aceştia erau ţinuţi de duhuri necurate. Şi toţi, cu glasuri aspre şi cu săltări sălbatice, strigau în preajma apostolului, zicând: "Cine te-a silit ca să vii aicea şi la locurile noastre? Sau cine este Cel ce ţi-a dat ţie toiagul acesta spre pierzarea noastră?" Atunci apostolul lui Hristos cu glas liniştit a certat duhurile cele necurate, iar pe cei ce pătimeau şi se aflau în zbuciumări i-a vindecat şi i-a făcut pe ei să urmeze lui cu bună rânduială şi cu minte.

Iar episcopul cetăţii aceleia, Platon cu numele, aflând de venirea sfântului, a ieşit afară împreună cu clerul şi l-a întâmpinat, şi amândoi împreună au intrat în cetate înaintea tuturor. Atunci apostolul, înfigând toiagul în pământ, a slăvit pe Dumnezeu, Cel ce i s-a arătat lui ca un prunc şi i-a poruncit să facă aceasta. Şi, o, minune!, îndată toiagul cel uscat a prins rădăcină şi a făcut crengi şi roadă a dat, care pica mursa de miere, precum a zis Domnul. Lângă rădăcina copacului s-a făcut o fântână, ce izvora apă prea curată şi prea dulce, încât toţi cei ce treceau pe acolo s-au spăimântat de această minune. Şi fiindcă vestea aceasta s-a împrăştiat în toate părţile cetăţii, alergau împreună mulţimile ca să vadă minunea. Cei care gustau din dulceaţa copacului şi se spălau cu apa din izvor lepădau îndată toată nebunia şi cruzimea cea sălbatică din sufletul lor, pe care o aveau cu înşelăciune din pricina închinării la idoli. Dar multe pătimind de la împărat, apostolul Domnului prin foc şi-a primit sfârşitul. În urmă însă, a făcut pe împăratul să se întoarcă la credinţa lui Hristos prin minunea ce au făcut moaştele lui. Împăratul, botezându-se, a luat numele Matei şi a zdrobit idolii, a înduplecat pe supuşii săi şi au crezut toţi în Hristos. Apoi şi episcop făcându-se, a lăsat după moarte episcopia fiului său, după aşezământul ce prin vedenie i-a făcut lui dumnezeiescul apostol.

Cu ale lor sfinte rugăciuni, Doamne, miluieşte-ne şi ne mântuieşte pe noi. Amin.

http://www.calendar-ortodox.ro/luna/noiembrie/noiembrie16.htm

Viaţa şi pătimirea Sfîntului Apostol şi Evanghelist Matei

Benutzer:Methodios/Apostolul Matei

http://paginiortodoxe.tripod.com/vsnov/11-16-sf_evanghelist_matei.html

https://ro.orthodoxwiki.org/Apostolul_Matei

Toma al II-lea al Constantinopolului

Cel întru sfinți Părintele nostru Toma al II-lea a fost Patriarh al Constantinopolului pe la mijlocul secolului al VII-lea. În timpul vremurilor tulburi ale disputelor hristologice, el a fost și a rămas ortodox în credință și învățătură. El este pomenit de Biserica Ortodoxă în 16 noiembrie.

Se cunosc puține lucruri despre viața sa. Toma a fost în slujba patriarhiei slujind ca scrib, refendarius, cancelar al patriarhiei și director al unui adăpost pentru bătrâni (gerokomeion) și a adăpostului pentru săraci (ptochotropheion) din Nafplio. Toma a fost ales patriarh din rândul diaconilor după șase luni și jumătate de la moartea predecesorului său, Patriarhul Petru. Hirotonirea sa a avut loc în Sâmbăta Mare din anul 665.

Perioada păstoririi sale este nesigură deoarece izvoarele vorbesc de perioade diferite. Perioada diferă între doi ani și șapte luni, conform cu Nichifor, până la trei ani la Teofan, și chiar la patru ani și șapte luni în lista lui Leoglavius. Patriarhul Toma a adormit în Domnul în anul 669.

Izvoare

Precedat de: Petru

Patriarh al Constantinopolului 667–669

Urmat de: Ioan al V-lea

Categorie:Sfinți Categorie:Episcopi Categorie:Patriarhi ai Constantinopolului

https://ro.orthodoxwiki.org/Toma_al_II-lea_al_Constantinopolului

Ukrainischer Kalender

Arabischer Kalender

استعرض مصدر متى الرسول

أسم متى:

من الاسم العبري "مثتيا" الذي معناه "عطية يهوه" وهو احد الاثني عشر رسولاً وكاتب الانجيل المعروف بـ إنجيل متى و اسمه ايضاً لاوي ابن حلفى (مرقس 2: 14 و لوقا 5: 27 و 29 قارن مع متى 10: 2-42).

المهنة:

مهنة متى الرسول كانت الجباية وكانت مهنة محتقرة بين اليهود.

التبشير و الاستشهاد:

بشّر في بلاد فارس و أثيوبيا حيث يُعتقد أنه رُسم أسقفاً. مات شهيداً.وزعم يوسيبيوس أنه بشر اليهود. الأب مكاريوس يقول أنه بشّر في منبج السورية ومات طاعناً في السن. ولم يذكر سفره إلى أثيوبيا.

عيده:

تعيد له الكنيسة الأرثوذكسية في 16 تشرين الثاني

مراجع

  • قاموس الكتاب المقدس
  • دائرة المعارف الكتابية
  • كتاب سألتني فأجبتك

https://ar.orthodoxwiki.org/index.php?title=%D9%85%D8%AA%D9%89_%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D8%B3%D9%88%D9%84&action=edit

Allgemeiner Kalender Aramäisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Griechisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Georgisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Bulgarisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Mazedonisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Serbisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Russisch

Ökumenische Heilige

  • Hl. Apostel und Evangelist MATTHÄUS
  • Neomrt. THEODOR, der Priester und mit ihm Mrtt. ANANIAS und MICHAEL
  • Neomrtt. JOHANNES, NIKOLAUS, VIKTOR, BASILIOS, MAKARIOS und MICHAEL, die Priester, Neomrt. PANTELEIMON, Mönch
  • Neomrt. Demetrios
  • Hl. FULVIANUS, Fürst von Äthiopien (in der Hl. Taufe Matthäus)
  • Hl. SERGIUS, Abt von Malopinega

Westliche Heilige

  • Hl. OTMAR von St. Gallen, Bischof und Klostergründer

http://orthpedia.de/index.php/16._November

Allgemeiner Kalender Rumänisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Ukrainisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Arabisch

Allgemeiner Kalender Englisch

Datei:East-Ortho-cross.png
The Eastern Orthodox cross

Nov. 15 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Nov. 17

All fixed commemorations below are observed on November 29 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For November 16, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on November 3.

Saints

Pre-Schism Western saints

Post-Schism Orthodox saints

New martyrs and confessors

Other commemorations

Icon gallery

Notes

Vorlage:Reflist

References

Vorlage:Reflist

Sources

Greek Sources

Russian Sources

  • Vorlage:Ru icon 29 ноября (16 ноября). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).

Category:Eastern Orthodox liturgical days


Thomas II of Constantinople

Our father among the saints Thomas II was Patriarch of Constantinople during the middle of the seventh century. During the troubled times of the Christological disputes he was Orthodox in his faith and teaching. He is commemorated by the Church on November 16.

Little is known of his life. Thomas was in the service of the patriarchate in which he served as a scribe, a refendarius, a chancellor of the Patriarchate, and director of the Scala Gerokoeion and the Neapolis Ptochotropheion. Thomas was elected patriarch from the diaconate over six and a half months after the repose of his predecessor, Patriarch Peter. His consecration has been dated as on Holy Saturday in the year 665.

The length of his rule as patriarch is uncertain as sources differ as to it length. The sources vary from two years and seven months according to Nicephoros, to three years by Theophanes, to four years and seven months on Leoglavious' list. Patriarch Thomas reposed in 669

Preceded by: Peter

Patriarch of Constantinople 667–669

Succeeded by: John V

Source

Thomas Thomas Thomas Thomas Category:7th-century bishops Category:7th-century saints

https://en.orthodoxwiki.org/Thomas_II_of_Constantinople

Allgemeiner Kalender Deutsch

Kalender der Orthodoxen Bischofskonferenz in Deutschland

Bürgerliches Datum bei Benutzung des Julianischen Kalenders:

Deutscher Heiligenkalender (orthodox)

  • Demetrius Spiridonow von Simferopol auf der Krim, Märtyrer († 1938)
  • Ephygenia (Iphigneia) von Äthiopien, Nonne, Märtyrerin, Schülerin von Matthäus
  • Fulvian, Prinz von "Äthiopien" in Mesopotamien, nach der Taufe Matthäus († im 1. Jahrhundert)
  • Hypatius, Bischof von Gangra, Märtyrer († 360)
  • Johannes Tswetkow, Priester, Märtyrer, und Nikolaus Troitskij, Priester, Märtyrer, und Viktor Woronow, Priester, Märtyrer, und Basilius Sokolow, Priester, Märtyrer, und Makari Solowiew, Priester, Märtyrer, und Michael Abramow, Erzpriester/Protopresbyter, Märtyrer, und Panteleimon Arzhany von Optina, Mönch, Märtyrer († 1937)"
  • Johannes der Fingerlose, Schüler von == Paisius Velichkovsky, Mönch (Todestag, † 1843)
  • Matthäus, Apostel, Evangelist, Märtyrer
  • Philoumenos vom Jakobs-Brunnen, Priester, Mönch, Märtyrer, getötet durch Juden († 1979)
  • Sergius, Abt von Malopinega († 1585)
  • Theodor Korolev (Kolierov, Kolerow), Protopresbyter/Erzpriester, Märtyrer, und Ananius Boykov, Märtyrer, und Michael Boldakov, Märtyrer († 1929)
  • Titus, Bischof von Bostra, Bekenner unter Julian Apostata († 363/378)

https://www.heiligenlexikon.de/KalenderNovember/16.htm&PHPSESSID=jtshj5ktggqd7eefev9dq3h4m1

Einzelnachweise (Sammlung)

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 1,6 1,7 1,8 1,9 November 29 / November 16. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  2. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ὁ Ἅγιος Ματθαῖος ὁ Ἀπόστολος καὶ Εὐαγγελιστής. 16 Νοεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. Vorlage:Gr icon Συναξαριστής. 16 Νοεμβρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  4. Apostle and Evangelist Matthew. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  5. "THE CHURCH CALENDAR FOR THE YEAR OF SALVATION 2016." Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies (C.T.O.S.) - Church of the Genuine Orthodox Church of Greece: Holy Metropolis of Oropos and Phyle. Retrieved: 17 September, 2016. p. 26.
  6. 6,0 6,1 6,2 6,3 6,4 6,5 6,6 The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 86.
  7. 7,0 7,1 7,2 7,3 7,4 Vorlage:Ru icon 29 ноября (16 ноября). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  8. Great Synaxaristes: Vorlage:Gr icon Ἡ Ἁγία Ἰφιγένεια. 16 Νοεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. Vorlage:Gr icon Αγία Ιφιγένεια η Παρθενομάρτυς. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής. 16/11/2015.
  10. 10,0 10,1 Vorlage:Gr icon Αρχιμανδρίτης Δωρόθεος, Ηγούμενος της εν Άνδρω Ι. Μονής του Αγίου Νικολάου εις τας Ώρας. Η Αγία Παρθενομάρτυς Ιφιγένεια του Πόντου. Διακόνημα (Diakonima.gr). 16 Νοεμβρίου 2013.
  11. "GENUINE ORTHODOX CHURCH CALENDAR 2016." The Genuine Orthodox Church (GOC) Synod of Metropolitan Chrysostomos of Thebes and Levadia (Matthewite TOC). Retrieved: 17 September, 2016. p. 30.
  12. St. Ephigenia of Ethiopia. The Self-Ruled Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America. Retrieved: 6 September, 2016.
  13. Lists of Women Saints Names: September 21st. Ss. Mary and Martha Orthodox Monastery, Wagener, SC. Retrieved: 10 September, 2016.
  14. St Hypatius of Gangra. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  15. 15,0 15,1 15,2 15,3 15,4 15,5 15,6 15,7 15,8 November 16. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  16. 16,0 16,1 16,2 16,3 16,4 The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. p. 353-354.
  17. Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 544-550.
  18. St Sergius of Malopinega. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  19. 19,0 19,1 CLASSIFICATION TO THE HAGIOLOGION OF THE NEW HIEROMARTYR FILOUMENOS. Synodic Decisions. Jerusalem Patriarchate - Official News Gate. Holy City of Jerusalem, September 11th 2009.
  20. 20,0 20,1 Vorlage:Ru icon Журналы заседания Священного Синода от 5 марта 2010 года на сайте Патриархия.Ru. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  21. Vorlage:Gr icon Άγιος Φιλούμενος ο Νεοιερομάρτυρας. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής. 16/11/2015.
  22. The Sixteenth Day of the Month of November. Orthodoxy in China.

ARTIKELENTWURF

Gemeinsame orthodoxe Heilige im Kalender der Orthodoxen Bischofskonferenz in Deutschland

[1]

Weiteres Gedenken in aramäischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in griechischer Tradition

[2]

Weiteres Gedenken in georgischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in bulgarischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in mazedonischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in serbischer Tradition

[3]

Weiteres Gedenken in russischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in rumänischer Tradition

Weiteres Gedenken in ukrainischer Tradition

Einzelnachweise (Artikelentwurf)

  1. Gesellschaft Orthodoxe Medien (Hrsg. im Auftrag der Orthodoxen Bischofskonferenz in Deutschland): Orthodoxer Liturgischer Kalender 2016 (17. Jahrgang), Dortmund 2015
  2. Das Synaxarion - die Leben der Heiligen der Orthodoxen Kirche. In 2 Bänden. Gestützt auf die 6-bändige Ausgabe des Hl. Klosters Simonos Petra. Kloster des Hl. Johannes des Vorläufers, Chania (Kreta) 2006, ISBN 960-88698-0-3
  3. Nikolaj Velimirović: Der Prolog von Ochrid. Verlag Johannes A. Wolf, Apelern 2009, ISBN 978-3-937912-04-2


Referenzfehler: Es sind <ref>-Tags für die Gruppe „note“ vorhanden, jedoch wurde kein dazugehöriges <references group="note" />-Tag gefunden oder ein schließendes </ref> fehlt.